Imperfections found on the surface of a Diamond.
describes how well a diamond reflects white light.
is a unit of weight measurement used for weighing diamonds. One carat equals 0.2 grams or 200 milligrams. 142 carats equals one (1) avoirdupois ounce.
measures the degree of visibility of surface blemishes or internal inclusions of a diamond.
Minor inclusion appearing milky rather than dark or ash like, only minimally detracting from the stone's appearance.
measures the tint or internal color of a diamond, ranging from colorless to light brown or yellow.
refers to the upper domed surface above the girdle of a cut diamond. The angle of the crown between the girdle and the table is considered acceptable at between 30.0-37.0 degrees. Crown height is considered acceptable when between 11.0-16.2% of the girdle's diameter.
CT or CTS
Stands for total carat weight of singular stone.
Indicates the total diamond carat weight of the jewelry item.
is the end point of the pavilion, finer being considered better, however a sharp point is susceptible to chipping.
refers the shape (round, square, emerald, pear, oval, marquis, etc.) and proportions of a cut diamond.
is the vertical height of the diamond from the table to the cutlet. Considered acceptable when between 57.0 to 65.0% of the girdle's diameter.
Diamond appears to be free of surface blemishes and inclusions to the naked eye. Diamonds graded SI-2 or better will appear to be eye clean.
are the small polished plane surfaces of a cut gem stone. A brilliant (round), full-cut diamond has 56 facets, while stones under 3 points can have as few as 16 (single cut).
Refers to the quality of the diamond's polish and symmetry.
Describes the intensity and diversity of the light spectrum (rainbow colors) emanating from a diamond.
Refers to the emission of photoluminescence by a diamond detectable under a black light. Blue fluorescence can enhance a diamonds color, but other colors are considered less desirable.
refers to the edge where the crown and pavilion of a cut diamond meet, marking the maximum diameter or width of the diamond. A girdle width of between 2.0-4.0% of the girdle's diameter is considered acceptable. Too sharp or thin a girdle increases the likelihood of chipping.
is the diameter of the diamond at the point where the crown and pavilion meet. Other dimension characteristics of a cut diamond are expressed as a percentage (%) of the girdle diameter.
refers to the internal defects of a diamond, appearing as ash like flakes, cracks, clouds, or other imperfections.
Describes the diamond's cut and proportions.
is the tapered underhalf or base of a cut diamond below the girdle. The angle of the pavilion from the girdle to the cutlet is considered acceptable when between 39.7-41.7 degrees. Pavilion depth is considered acceptable when between 41.5-45.5% of the girdle's diameter.
is a unit of weight equal to 1/100 of a carat, 100 points equaling one carat, and written as 1.00 carat.
Describes the luster of a diamond's exterior finish.
Describes if the diamond is true to its desired shape and is in balanced proportions.
is the flat top surface of a cut diamond. Table diameter is considered acceptable when between 51.4-66.0% of the girdle's diameter.